Features of the Constitution

A)- Lengthiest Written Constitution
 Constitutions are classified into –
1)- Written- American Constitution.
2)- Unwritten- British Constitution.
 Originally (1949), Constitution- Preamble, 395 Articles (divided into 22 Parts) and 8 Schedules.
 Presently it consists of – Preamble, about 465 Articles (divided into 25 Parts) and 12 Schedules
 Amendments – since 1951 have deleted- 20 Articles and one Part (VII) and
 Added- 85 Articles, four Parts (IVA, IXA, IXB and XIVA) and four Schedules (9, 10, 11 and 12)
 No other Constitution in the world has so many Articles and Schedules.
 Four factors have contributed to the elephantine size of our Constitution :-
1)- Geographical factors- vastness of the country and its diversity
2)- Historical factors -Government of India Act of 1935- was bulky.
3)- Single Constitution for both- Centre and the states except Jammu and Kashmir.
4)- Dominance of legal luminaries (दिग्गज) in the Constituent Assembly.

 Constitution contains not only the fundamental principles of governance but also detailed administrative provisions.
 Other modern democratic countries have been left to the ordinary legislation or established political conventions have
also been included in the constitutional document it self in our constitution.

B)-Drawn From Various Sources
 B R Ambedkar proudly- Constitution of India has been framed after ‘ransacking(छान-बीन) all the known Constitutions of the World’.
 1)-Structural part – Derived from the Government of India Act of 1935.
 2)-Philosophical part (FR & DPSP)- Inspiration from the American and Irish Constitutions.
 3)-Political part- Drawn from the British Constitution.
a)-Principle of Cabinet Government and
b)-Relations between the executive and the legislature
 Other provisions of the Constitution have been drawn from Canada, Australia, Germany, USSR (now Russia), France, South Africa, Japan, and so on.
 However- Criticism- Indian Constitution is a ‘borrowed Constitution’, contains nothing new
 Unfair and illogical- framers of the Constitution made necessary modifications in the features borrowed from other constitutions for their suitability to the Indian conditions, at the same time avoiding their faults.

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Video Lecture by Veer Talyan –  

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