Features of the Constitution
A)- Lengthiest Written Constitution
Constitutions are classified into –
1)- Written- American Constitution.
2)- Unwritten- British Constitution.
Originally (1949), Constitution- Preamble, 395 Articles (divided into 22 Parts) and 8 Schedules.
Presently it consists of – Preamble, about 465 Articles (divided into 25 Parts) and 12 Schedules
Amendments – since 1951 have deleted- 20 Articles and one Part (VII) and
Added- 85 Articles, four Parts (IVA, IXA, IXB and XIVA) and four Schedules (9, 10, 11 and 12)
No other Constitution in the world has so many Articles and Schedules.
Four factors have contributed to the elephantine size of our Constitution :-
1)- Geographical factors- vastness of the country and its diversity
2)- Historical factors -Government of India Act of 1935- was bulky.
3)- Single Constitution for both- Centre and the states except Jammu and Kashmir.
4)- Dominance of legal luminaries (दिग्गज) in the Constituent Assembly.
Constitution contains not only the fundamental principles of governance but also detailed administrative provisions.
Other modern democratic countries have been left to the ordinary legislation or established political conventions have
also been included in the constitutional document it self in our constitution.
B)-Drawn From Various Sources
B R Ambedkar proudly- Constitution of India has been framed after ‘ransacking(छान-बीन) all the known Constitutions of the World’.
1)-Structural part – Derived from the Government of India Act of 1935.
2)-Philosophical part (FR & DPSP)- Inspiration from the American and Irish Constitutions.
3)-Political part- Drawn from the British Constitution.
a)-Principle of Cabinet Government and
b)-Relations between the executive and the legislature
Other provisions of the Constitution have been drawn from Canada, Australia, Germany, USSR (now Russia), France, South Africa, Japan, and so on.
However- Criticism- Indian Constitution is a ‘borrowed Constitution’, contains nothing new
Unfair and illogical- framers of the Constitution made necessary modifications in the features borrowed from other constitutions for their suitability to the Indian conditions, at the same time avoiding their faults.
PDF for the Lecture –
Video Lecture by Veer Talyan –