National Legal Service Authority

Article 39A of the Constitution of India provides for
 Free legal aid to the poor and
 Weaker sections of the society and ensures justice for all
Articles 14 and 22(1) also make it obligatory(अनिवार्) for the State to ensure equality before law and a legal system which promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunity to all.
 In the year 1987, the Legal Services Authorities Act was enacted by the Parliament which came into force on 9th November, 1995
 To establish a nationwide uniform network for providing free and competent legal services.
National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987

Chief Justice of India is patron-in-chief of NALSA
 While second seniormost judge of Supreme Court of India is the Executive-Chairman.

There is a provision for similar mechanism at
District level
 Also headed by Chief Justice of High Courts and Chief Judges of District courts respectively.

Prime objective of NALSA is
 Speedy disposal of cases and
 Reducing the burden of judiciary.

Taluks to give effect to the policies and directions of the NALSA
To provide free legal services to the people and conduct Lok Adalats in the State

Following main functions

1. To provide free and competent legal services to the eligible persons.
2. To organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes.
3. To organize legal awareness camps in the rural areas.
 The free legal services include:-
(a) Payment of court fee, process fees and all other charges payable or incurred in connection with any legal proceedings.
(b) Providing service of lawyers in legal proceedings( कानूनी कार्वाही).
(c) Obtaining and supply of certified copies of orders in legal proceedings.
(d) Preparation of appeal, paper book including printing and translation of documents in legal proceedings.

Persons eligible for getting free legal services include

(i) Women and children
(ii) Members of SC/ST
(iii) Industrial workmen
(iv) Victims of mass disaster, violence, flood, drought, earthquake, industrial disaster
(v) Disabled persons
(vi) Persons in custody
(vii) Persons whose annual income does not exceed Rs. 1 lakh (in the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee the limit is Rs. 1,25,000/-).
(viii) Victims of trafficking in human beings or beggar.

 NALSA has launched a web application for free Legal Services to Prisoners at the conference held at Indian Law Institute, New Delhi.
 The Conference saw the participation of Member Secretaries and administrative officers of 18 State Legal Services Authorities.
 The Legal Services Management System has been developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC).
 Web application will help in making the legal services system more transparent.
 Aim is to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reasons of economic or other disabilities.
 Ministry of Law and Justice has launched the ‘Tele-Law’ initiative in collaboration with the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

 To provide legal aid services to the marginalized communities and citizens living in rural areas through the Common Service Centres (CSC) at the panchayat level
 Video conferencing facility available at the Common Service Centres (CSC)
 A new portal called ‘Tele Law’ will be made available across the CSC network to connect the citizens to legal service providers.

Pdf of the Lecture :

Video Lecture by Veer Talyan : 

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