Panchayati Raj System In India
Rajiv Gandhi Government The Rajiv Gandhi Government introduced the 64th Constitutional Amendment Bill in the Lok Sabha in July 1989
V P Singh Government The National Front Government, soon after assuming office in November 1989 under the Prime Ministership of V P Singh, announced that it would take steps to strengthen the panchayati raj institutions.
Narasimha Rao Government The Congress Government under the prime minister-ship of P V Narasimha Rao once again considered the matter of them constitutionalisation of panchayati raj bodies
This bill finally emerged as the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 and came into force on 24 April, 1993.
73rd Amendment Act of 1992
Significance of the Act
New Part-IX to the Constitution of India
‘The Panchayats’ and consists of provisions from Articles 243 to 243O
Added a new Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution.
This schedule contains 29 functional items of the panchayats.
It deals with Article 243-G
Act has given a practical shape to Article 40
“State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.”
Part of the Directive Principles of State Policy.
Eleventh Schedule – following 29 functional
Agriculture, including agricultural extension
Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation
Minor irrigation, water management and watershed development
Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry
Social forestry and farm forestry
Khadi, village and cottage industries
Compulsory (obligatory or mandatory) and voluntary (discretionary or optional) provisions (features) of the 73rd
Constitutional Amendment Act (1992) or the Part IX of the Constitution:
a. Compulsory Provisions
b. Voluntary Provisions
FINANCES OF PANCHAYATI RAJ
REASONS FOR INEFFECTIVE PERFORMANCE
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