भारत में पंचायती राज- Panchayati Raj System- Rural Local Self Government-73rd CAA-1992

 

Local Government

Panchayati Raj in India

 

  • Panchayati Raj in India signifies the system of rural local self government.
  • It has been established in all the states of India by the Acts of the state legislatures to build democracy at the grass root level 1.
  • It is entrusted with rural development.
  • It was constitutionalised through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992.

 

Balwant Rai Mehta Committee (January 1957)– Submitted its report in November 1957

 Committee to examine the working of
 The Community Development Programme (1952)
 The National Extension Service (1953)
 Submitted its report in November 1957 and recommended the establishment of the scheme of democratic decentralisation’, which ultimately came to be known as Panchayati Raj
Three-tier Panchayati raj system
Rajasthan was the first state to establish Panchayati Raj.
 The scheme was inaugurated by the prime minister on October 2, 1959, in Nagaur district.
 Rajasthan was followed by Andhra Pradesh, which also adopted the system in 1959

Ashok Mehta Committee

 December 1977, the Janata Government appointed a committee on panchayati raj institutions under the chairmanship of Ashok Mehta.
 It submitted its report in August 1978 and made 132 recommendations
 Three-tier system of panchayati raj should be replaced by the two-tier system

 G V K Rao Committee
 L M Singhvi Committee
 Thungon Committee
 Gadgil Committee

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