National and International News

India ranks 145th in healthcare access, quality

India ranked 145th among 195 countries in 2016 Healthcare access and quality (HAQ) index.
India is behind its neighbours like China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Bhutan.
The index was released as part of Global Burden of Disease study released by Lancet, one of the world’s oldest and best known peer-reviewed general medical journal.
Healthcare access and quality (HAQ) Index used index to measure quality and accessibility of healthcare, based on 32 causes of death which should be preventable with effective medical care.
Iceland topped the index followed by Norway, Netherlands.

Software – Nidaan- Rajasthan Govt

 Rajasthan Govt has launched new software known as Nidaan for disease monitoring and strengthening tele-medicine services in the govt hospitals.
 Nidaan will help for providing presumptive diagnosis and monitoring of seasonal and non-communicable diseases as
well as trends of ailments found in specific areas.
 It will facilitate online entries for monitoring of as many as 46 diseases and healthcare services available for their
treatment in different institutions.
 It will help in effective policy formulation in health sector as there will be simultaneous monitoring of programmes run under National Health Mission

Habitat loss may have triggered Nipah outbreak

 According to a report byWorld Health Organisation (WHO), human-triggered factors like habitat loss due to deforestation and climate change set off infectious outbreaks such as recent Nipah cases in Kerala.
 Due to habitat destruction by human activity (fruit bat), a natural host of Nipah virus get stressed and hungry, which weakens its immune system, increasing virus load.
 It results in lot of virus spilling from urine and saliva of bats. Nipah virus (NiV) infection is zoonotic disease (disease transmitted to humans from animals) that causes severe disease in both animals and humans

Draft Passenger Charter

 The Union Ministry of Civil Aviation notified Draft Passenger Charter defining rights for air passengers.
 It aimed at improving hassle-free air travel experience of air passengers in the country.
 Passenger can cancel air ticket within 24 hours of booking it and if provided travel is to take place after 96 hours, then passenger will be able to cancel ticket without any charge.
 The cancellation charges will be not more than sum of basic fare and fuel surcharge.
 Passenger must be informed about flight cancellation between two weeks and 24 hours before flight.
 If delay results in flight departing next day, then airline will have to offer free hotel stay.
 If a delay results in a passenger missing a connecting flight, then airline will have to pay Rs.5,000 to Rs.20,000.
 In case of lost baggage, the minimum compensation proposed is Rs.3,000 per kg.
 If baggage is damaged, airline is liable to pay Rs. 1,000 per kg. I
 If passenger doesn’t receive due compensation, grievances can be filed on Ministry of Civil Aviation’s AirSewa app or at Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) portal.

71 st World Health Assembly (WHA-2018)

 The 71st World Health Assembly (WHA-2018) held in Geneva, Switzerland.
 Union Health Minister J P Nadda is leading the Indian Delegation. In the plenary meeting of WHA, he spoke on the theme “Health for All: Commit To Universal Health Coverage”.
 The Indian govt has recently launched the Ayushman Bharat programme, which rests on the twin pillars of health and well-ness centres, and the National Health Protection Mission for 100 million families covering 500 million individuals.
 The programme will approximately cover 40% of the India’s population, who will be provided an insurance cover of Rs 500,000 per year. India has set an ambitious plan to end TB by 2025.

Election Commission to launch App

 The Election Commission of India (ECI) is planning to launch multilingual mobile application called Model Code of Conduct Violation Reporting App ahead of the 2019 Lok Sabha polls.
 It aims at empowering people across the country to share evidence of malpractice by political parties, their candidates and activists directly with ECI.
 Through this mobile app, ECI intends to encourage larger public participation in checking corrupt practices in elections and ensure free and fair election process.
 The app was made available for first time in Bengaluru (capital of Karnataka) in run-up to recently concluded state assembly elections.
 ECI is permanent and independent constitutional body established directly by Constitution of India to ensure fair and fair elections in the country.

 

 

‘Future of Governance’

Justice B N Srikrishna, who heads the high-level committee on framing new data protection norms for India, has chaired a panel discussion on ‘Future of Governance’.
 It will focus on various aspects related to data privacy, an issue that has become increasingly relevant in the digital era.
 It is hosted by India International Centre (IIC) in collaboration with NITI Aayog and Centre for Policy Research (CPR).

Model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Contract Farming Act, 2018

 The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Famers Welfare unveiled Model Agriculture Produce and Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018
To ensure better price to farmers.
It aimed at reducing farmers’ risks by creating assured market for their produce at pre-agreed price, while encouraging investment from agribusiness and food processing industries by enhancing productivity and cost efficiency. 
Under contract farming, agricultural production (including livestock and poultry) can be carried out based on pre-harvest agreement (contract) between buyers (such as food processing units and exporters), and producers (farmers or farmer organisations).

 

Premature deaths in India

 According to latest research, worsening air quality in last two decades has emerged as one of major reasons for high numbers of premature deaths in India.
 The research has been conducted by Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Delhi in collaboration with environmental NGO Centre for Environment and Energy Development (CEED).
 The study was conducted on eleven north Indian cities i.e. seven in Uttar Pradesh (Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Meerut, Varanasi and Gorakhpur), three in Bihar (Patna, Muzaffarpur and Gaya) and one in Jharkhand (Ranchi).
 The annual mortality linked to air pollution was in range of 150-300 persons per 1 lakh population.
 Kanpur recorded highest number of premature deaths per year (4,173) due to chronic exposure to air pollution, followed by Lucknow (4,127), Agra (2,421), Meerut (2,044), Varanasi (1,581), Allahabad (1,443) and Gorakhpur (914).

Prelims 2018 Exam दे या न दे ? – To Give or not to give UPSC/IAS/CSE Prelims 2018 By VeeR

Video Link – 

Pdf of the Lecture : Nano Magazine- 29- May- 2018 By VeeR

Video Lecture by Veer Talyan : 

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